Everywhere in the world women live longer than men – but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn’t live longer than men in the 19th century. What’s the main reason women are more likely to live longer than men? And how has this advantage gotten larger over time? We have only a small amount of evidence and the evidence isn’t sufficient to support an unambiguous conclusion. We know that biological, behavioral and environmental factors contribute to the fact that women are healthier than men; However, we’re not sure how significant the impact to each of these variables is.
In spite of how much amount of weight, we are aware that at least a portion of the reason why women live so much longer than men today but not previously, has to do with the fact that several fundamental non-biological factors have changed. What are these new factors? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Other are more complicated. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women’s longevity disproportionately.
Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. As we can see, every country is above the diagonal line of parity – this means in all countries that a baby girl can be expected to live longer than a new boy.1
This chart shows that, although there is a women’s advantage everywhere, cross-country differences can be significant. In Russia, women live for Www.jurisware.com/w/index.php/Why_Do_Women_Have_Longer_Lives_Than_Men, www.klausjewelry.com post to a company blog, 10 years longer than men. In Bhutan the gap is just half a year.
The advantage of women in life expectancy was less in developed countries that it is today.
Let’s examine how the advantage of women in terms of longevity has changed over time. The chart below illustrates the male and female life expectancies at birth in the US in the years 1790 until 2014. Two areas stand out.
There is an upward trend. Men and women in America have longer lives than they did a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.
Second, the gap is growing: Although the advantage of women in terms of life expectancy was quite small however, it has grown significantly over time.
By selecting ‘Change Country in the chart, determine if these two points are also applicable to the other countries having available data: Sweden, France and the UK.